Historical Perspectives on the Far-Right, Racism and Violence:

This project examines the changing manifestations and status of the far-right historically. I focus on both their mainstream influence and support during different periods (the post-Civil War reconstruction, America First and civil rights eras) and their decline, particularly following state (government, criminal justice and counterterrorism) crackdowns when their presence and activities, most notably terrorism, were seen to pose a threat to the enforcement of legislation, race relations, national unity and security. I also look at how such processes inform subsequent revivals, far-right forms and strategies, be they mainstreaming or oppositional, as in the post-civil rights era. I believe that this research can provide a historical perspective on the far-right today, shed light on the changing relationship between the far-right and the mainstream, challenge the conflation of Islam and terrorism and highlight the role of the historical far-right (particularly that which has been defeated) as a stand-in for racism in post-racial imaginaries. It has been developed in the publications: ‘American Terror: From Oklahoma City to 9/11 and After’ (2010), ‘The Klan is History: a historical perspective on the revival of the far-right in ‘post-racial’ America’ (2018) and ‘USA: Counter-Terrorism Pre-9/11′ (forthcoming), as well as the shorter pieces: ‘White Terror and the Racialization of Violence’ (2015), ‘Brexit and Trump: On Racism, the Far Right and Violence’ (2017) and ‘Charlottesville, far-right rallies, racism and relating to power’ (2017).